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HISTORY/ORIGIN

 

OF THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER

 

BULL BAITING 


                                              THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER FIRST CAME INTO EXISTENCE IN OR AROUND THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. 

AS BULL BAITING DECLINED IN POPULARITY AND DOG FIGHTING ENJOYED A SURGE OF INTEREST,  IT BACAME NECESSARY TO DEVELOPE A DOG WHICH POSSESSED A LONGER AND MORE PUNISHING HEAD THAN THE BULLDOG AND ALSO TO COMBINE STRENGTH AND AGILITY. IT IS THEREFORE BELIEVED THAT THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER WAS DERIVED FROM THE FIGHTING BULLDOG OF THE DAY WITH SOME TERRIER BLOOD INTRODUCED.

 


 

                    BULL DOG OF THE DAY                       

THE EXTINCT WHITE TERRIER

THIS CROSS PRODUCED WHAT WAS KNOWN AS THE BULL AND TERRIER OR THE PIT DOG.

 

THESE DOGS WERE RENOWED FOR THEIR COURAGE AND TENACITY AND DESPITE THEIR FEROCITY IN THE PIT, WERE EXCELLENT COMPANIONS AND GOOD WITH CHILDREN.

THE PITDOG WAS A FAVOURITE WITH THE MINERS AND STEELWORKERS AND WAS PREVALENT AMONGST THE CHAINMAKERS OF THE 'BLACK COUNTRY' WHERE THE DOGS WERE NOT ONLY FOUGHT FOR ENTERTAINMENT BUT PROVIDED A WORKING MAN WITH EXTRA INCOME WHEN WORKED AGAINST BADGERS OR AS RATTERS.


WITH THE INTRODUCTION OF THE HUMANE ACT IN 1835, BAITING SPORTS AND DOG FIGHTING BACAME UNLAWFUL AND A GROUP OF MEN IN THE STAFFORDSHIRE AREA ENDEAVOURED TO PRESERVE THEIR BREED BY INTRODUCING THEM TO THE SHOW WORLD.

AFTER MUCH DISCUSSION, THE  STANDARD WAS WRITTEN DESCRIBING THE DOGS PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES AND THIS DOG WAS NAMED THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER TO DIFFERENTIATE HIM FROM THE ENGLISH BULL TERRIER.

THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER WAS OFFICIALLY REGISTERED BY THE KENNEL CLUB IN 1935 AND THE FIRST CLUB SHOW FOR THE BREED TOOK PLACE IN AUGUST IN 1935.
THE BREED RECEIVED CHAMPIONSHIP STATUS IN 1938 WHEN CC'S WERE AWARDED FOR THE FIST TIME AT THE BIRMINGHAM NATIONAL. THE FIRST TWO CHAMPIONS OF THE BREED WERE CH. GENLEMAN JIM AND CH. LADY EVE.

                                                                                                                     CH GENTLEMAN JIM                     

                           

CH LADY EVE





THE STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER STANDARD

 

  

GENERAL APPEARANCE - SMOOTH COATED, WELL BALANCED AND OF GREAT STRENGTH FOR ITS SIZE. MUSCULAR, ACTIVE AND AGILE

 

CHARACTERISTICS - TRADITIONALLY OF INDOMITABLE COURAGE AND TENACITY. HIGHLY INTELLIGENT AND AFFECIONATE

 ESPECIALLY TOWARDS CHILDREN

 

TEMPERAMENT BOLD, FEARLESS AND TOTALLY RELIABLE

 

HEAD AND SKULL - SHORT, DEEP THOUGH BROAD SKULL. VERY PRONOUNCED CHEEK MUSCLES, DINSTINCT STOP, SHORT FOREFACE, NOSE BLACK

 

EYES - ROUND AND OF MEDIUM SIZED,  AND SET TO LOOK STRAIGHT AHEAD. DARK PREFFERED BUT MAY BEAR SOME RELATION

TO COAT COLOUR. EYES TO HAVE DARK RIMS

 

EARS - ROSE OR HALF PRICKED. NOT LARGE OR HEAVY. FULL DROP OR PRICKED EARS HIGHLY UNDESIRABLE.

 

MOUTH - LIPS TIGHT AND CLEAN. JAWS STRONG, TEETH LARGE WITH A PERFECT REGULAR AND COMPLETE SCISSOR BITE

IE; UPPER TEETH CLOSELY OVERLAPPING THE LOWER TEETH AND SET SQUARE TO THE JAW

 

NECK - MUSCULAR, RATHER SHORT, SLEAN IN OUTLINE GRADUALLY WIDENING TOWARDS THE SHOULDER

 

FOREQUARTERS - LEGS STRAIGHT AND WELL BONED, SET RATHER WIDE APART, SHOWING NO WEAKNESS AT THE PASTERNS,

FROM WHICH POINT FEET TURN OUT A LITTLE, SHOULDERS WELL LAID BACK WITH NO LOOSENESS AT THE ELBOW

 

BODY - CLOSE COUPLED, WITH LEVEL TOPLINE, WIDE FRONT, DEEP BRISKET. WELL SPRUNG RIBS; MUSCULAR AND WELL DEFINED

 

HINDQUARTERS - WELL MUSCLED, HOCKS WELL LET DOWN WITH STIFLES BENT. LEGS PARRALLEL WHEN VIEWED FROM BEHIND

 

FEET - WELL PADDED, STRONG AND OF MEDIUM SIZE. NAILS BLACK IN SOLID COLOURED DOGS

 

TAIL - MEDIUM LENGTH, LOW SET, TAPERING TO A POINT AND CARRIED RATHER LOW. SHOULD NOT CURL MUCH

AND MAY BE LIKENED TO AN OLD FASHIONED PUMP HANDLE

 

GAIT/MOVEMENT - FREE, POWERFUL AND AGILE WITH ECONOMY OF EFFORT, LEGS MOVING PARRALLEL

WHEN VIEWED FROM FRONT OR REAR. DESCERNABLE DRIVE FROM REAR

 

COLOUR - RED, FAWN, WHITE, BLACK OR BLUE OR ANY ONE OF THESE COLOURS WITH WHITE. ANY SHADE OF BRINDLE

 OR AND ANY SHADE OF BRINDLE WITH WHITE

BLACK AND TAN OR LIVER COLOUR HIGHLY UNDESIRABLE

NOTE - COAT COLOUR HAS NO BEARING ON PRICE AND THERE ARE NO RARE COLOURS IN STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIERS

 

SIZE - WEIGHT; 13 - 17kgs DOGS, 11 - 15 kgs BITCHES

DESIRABLE HEIGHT; 14 - 16 inches AT THE WITHERS

THESE HEIGHTS BEING RALATED TO WEIGHTS

 

FAULTS - ANY DEPARTURE FROM THE FOREGOING POINTS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED A FAULT

 

NOTE - MALE DOGS SHOULD HAVE TWO APPARENTLY NORMAL TESTICLES FULLY DESCENDED INTO THE SCROTUM